# min_modify command

## Syntax

```
min_modify keyword values ...
```

one or more keyword/value pairs may be listed

keyword =

*dmax*or*line*or*norm*or*alpha_damp*or*discrete_factor**dmax*value = max max = maximum distance for line search to move (distance units)*line*value =*backtrack*or*quadratic*or*forcezero*or*spin_cubic*or*spin_none*backtrack,quadratic,forcezero,spin_cubic,spin_none = style of linesearch to use*norm*value =*two*or*max*two = Euclidean two-norm (length of 3N vector) inf = max force component across all 3-vectors max = max force norm across all 3-vectors*alpha_damp*value = damping damping = fictitious Gilbert damping for spin minimization (adim)*discrete_factor*value = factor factor = discretization factor for adaptive spin timestep (adim)

## Examples

```
min_modify dmax 0.2
```

## Description

This command sets parameters that affect the energy minimization algorithms selected by the min_style command. The various settings may affect the convergence rate and overall number of force evaluations required by a minimization, so users can experiment with these parameters to tune their minimizations.

The *cg* and *sd* minimization styles have an outer iteration and an
inner iteration which is steps along a one-dimensional line search in
a particular search direction. The *dmax* parameter is how far any
atom can move in a single line search in any dimension (x, y, or z).
For the *quickmin* and *fire* minimization styles, the *dmax* setting
is how far any atom can move in a single iteration (timestep). Thus a
value of 0.1 in real units means no atom will move
further than 0.1 Angstroms in a single outer iteration. This prevents
highly overlapped atoms from being moved long distances (e.g. through
another atom) due to large forces.

The choice of line search algorithm for the *cg* and *sd* minimization
styles can be selected via the *line* keyword.
The default *quadratic* line search algorithm starts out using
the robust backtracking method described below. However, once
the system gets close to a local
minimum and the linesearch steps get small, so that the energy
is approximately quadratic in the step length, it uses the
estimated location of zero gradient as the linesearch step,
provided the energy change is downhill.
This becomes more efficient than backtracking
for highly-converged relaxations. The *forcezero*
line search algorithm is similar to *quadratic*.
It may be more efficient than *quadratic* on some systems.

The backtracking search is robust and should always find a local energy minimum. However, it will “converge” when it can no longer reduce the energy of the system. Individual atom forces may still be larger than desired at this point, because the energy change is measured as the difference of two large values (energy before and energy after) and that difference may be smaller than machine epsilon even if atoms could move in the gradient direction to reduce forces further.

The choice of a norm can be modified for the min styles *cg*, *sd*,
*quickmin*, *fire*, *spin*, *spin/cg* and *spin/lbfgs* using
the *norm* keyword.
The default *two* norm computes the 2-norm (Euclidean length) of the
global force vector:

The *max* norm computes the length of the 3-vector force
for each atom (2-norm), and takes the maximum value of those across
all atoms

The *inf* norm takes the maximum component across the forces of
all atoms in the system:

For the min styles *spin*, *spin/cg* and *spin/lbfgs*, the force
norm is replaced by the spin-torque norm.

Keywords *alpha_damp* and *discrete_factor* only make sense when
a min_spin command is declared.
Keyword *alpha_damp* defines an analog of a magnetic Gilbert
damping. It defines a relaxation rate toward an equilibrium for
a given magnetic system.
Keyword *discrete_factor* defines a discretization factor for the
adaptive timestep used in the *spin* minimization.
See min_spin for more information about those
quantities.

The choice of a line search algorithm for the *spin/cg* and
*spin/lbfgs* styles can be specified via the *line* keyword.
The *spin_cubic* and *spin_none* only make sense when one of those
two minimization styles is declared.
The *spin_cubic* performs the line search based on a cubic interpolation
of the energy along the search direction. The *spin_none* keyword
deactivates the line search procedure.
The *spin_none* is a default value for *line* keyword for both *spin/lbfgs*
and *spin/cg*. Convergence of *spin/lbfgs* can be more robust if
*spin_cubic* line search is used.

## Restrictions

For magnetic GNEB calculations, only *spin_none* value for *line* keyword can be used
when styles *spin/cg* and *spin/lbfgs* are employed.
See neb/spin for more explanation.

## Default

The option defaults are dmax = 0.1, line = quadratic and norm = two.

For the *spin*, *spin/cg* and *spin/lbfgs* styles, the
option defaults are alpha_damp = 1.0, discrete_factor = 10.0,
line = spin_none, and norm = euclidean.