fix precession/spin command
fix ID group precession/spin style args
ID, group are documented in fix command
precession/spin = style name of this fix command
style = zeeman or anisotropy or cubic
zeeman args = H x y z H = intensity of the magnetic field (in Tesla) x y z = vector direction of the field anisotropy args = K x y z K = intensity of the magnetic anisotropy (in eV) x y z = vector direction of the anisotropy
cubic args = K1 K2c n1x n1y n1x n2x n2y n2z n3x n3y n3z K1 and K2c = intensity of the magnetic anisotropy (in eV) n1x to n3z = three direction vectors of the cubic anisotropy
fix 1 all precession/spin zeeman 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 fix 1 3 precession/spin anisotropy 0.001 0.0 0.0 1.0 fix 1 iron precession/spin cubic 0.001 0.0005 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 fix 1 all precession/spin zeeman 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 anisotropy 0.001 0.0 0.0 1.0
This fix applies a precession torque to each magnetic spin in the group.
Style zeeman is used for the simulation of the interaction between the magnetic spins in the defined group and an external magnetic field:
with mu0 the vacuum permeability, muB the Bohr magneton (muB = 5.788 eV/T in metal units).
Style anisotropy is used to simulate an easy axis or an easy plane for the magnetic spins in the defined group:
with n defining the direction of the anisotropy, and K (in eV) its intensity. If K>0, an easy axis is defined, and if K<0, an easy plane is defined.
Style cubic is used to simulate a cubic anisotropy, with three possible easy axis for the magnetic spins in the defined group:
with K1 and K2c (in eV) the intensity coefficients and n1, n2 and n3 defining the three anisotropic directions defined by the command (from n1x to n3z). For n1 = (100), n2 = (010), and n3 = (001), K1 < 0 defines an iron type anisotropy (easy axis along the (001)-type cube edges), and K1 > 0 defines a nickel type anisotropy (easy axis along the (111)-type cube diagonals). K2^c > 0 also defines easy axis along the (111)-type cube diagonals. See chapter 2 of (Skomski) for more details on cubic anisotropies.
In all cases, the choice of (x y z) only imposes the vector directions for the forces. Only the direction of the vector is important; it’s length is ignored (the entered vectors are normalized).
Those styles can be combined within one single command line.
Restart, fix_modify, output, run start/stop, minimize info:
By default, the energy associated to this fix is not added to the potential energy of the system. The fix_modify energy option is supported by this fix to add this magnetic potential energy to the potential energy of the system,
fix 1 all precession/spin zeeman 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 fix_modify 1 energy yes
This fix computes a global scalar which can be accessed by various output commands.
No information about this fix is written to binary restart files.
The precession/spin style is part of the SPIN package. This style is only enabled if LAMMPS was built with this package, and if the atom_style “spin” was declared. See the Build package doc page for more info.