# fix langevin/spin command

## Syntax

fix ID group-ID langevin/spin T Tdamp seed

• ID, group-ID are documented in fix command

• langevin/spin = style name of this fix command

• T = desired temperature of the bath (temperature units, K in metal units)

• Tdamp = transverse magnetic damping parameter (adim)

• seed = random number seed to use for white noise (positive integer)

## Examples

fix 2 all langevin/spin 300.0 0.01 21


## Description

Apply a Langevin thermostat as described in (Mayergoyz) to the magnetic spins associated to the atoms. Used with fix nve/spin, this command performs Brownian dynamics (BD). A random torque and a transverse dissipation are applied to each spin i according to the following stochastic differential equation:

$\frac{d \vec{s}_{i}}{dt} = \frac{1}{\left(1+\lambda^2 \right)} \left( \left( \vec{\omega}_{i} +\vec{\eta} \right) \times \vec{s}_{i} + \lambda\, \vec{s}_{i} \times\left( \vec{\omega}_{i} \times\vec{s}_{i} \right) \right)$

with $$\lambda$$ the transverse damping, and $$\eta$$ a random vector. This equation is referred to as the stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert (sLLG) equation.

The components of $$\eta$$ are drawn from a Gaussian probability law. Their amplitude is defined as a proportion of the temperature of the external thermostat T (in K in metal units).

Note: due to the form of the sLLG equation, this fix has to be defined just before the nve/spin fix (and after all other magnetic fixes). As an example:

fix 1 all precession/spin zeeman 0.01 0.0 0.0 1.0
fix 2 all langevin/spin 300.0 0.01 21
fix 3 all nve/spin lattice moving


is correct, but defining a force/spin command after the langevin/spin command would give an error message.

Note: The random # seed must be a positive integer. A Marsaglia random number generator is used. Each processor uses the input seed to generate its own unique seed and its own stream of random numbers. Thus the dynamics of the system will not be identical on two runs on different numbers of processors.

## Restart, fix_modify, output, run start/stop, minimize info

No information about this fix is written to binary restart files. Because the state of the random number generator is not saved in restart files, this means you cannot do “exact” restarts with this fix, where the simulation continues on the same as if no restart had taken place. However, in a statistical sense, a restarted simulation should produce the same behavior.

This fix is not invoked during energy minimization.

## Restrictions

The langevin/spin fix is part of the SPIN package. This style is only enabled if LAMMPS was built with this package. See the Build package doc page for more info.

The numerical integration has to be performed with fix nve/spin when fix langevin/spin is enabled.

This fix has to be the last defined magnetic fix before the time integration fix (e.g. fix nve/spin).

## Default

none

(Mayergoyz) I.D. Mayergoyz, G. Bertotti, C. Serpico (2009). Elsevier (2009)

(Tranchida) Tranchida, Plimpton, Thibaudeau and Thompson, Journal of Computational Physics, 372, 406-425, (2018).