compute vacf command
compute ID group-ID vacf
ID, group-ID are documented in compute command
vacf = style name of this compute command
compute 1 all vacf compute 1 upper vacf
Define a computation that calculates the velocity auto-correlation function (VACF), averaged over a group of atoms. Each atom’s contribution to the VACF is its current velocity vector dotted into its initial velocity vector at the time the compute was specified.
A vector of four quantities is calculated by this compute. The first 3 elements of the vector are vx * vx0 (and similarly for the y and z components), summed and averaged over atoms in the group. Vx is the current x-component of velocity for the atom, vx0 is the initial x-component of velocity for the atom. The 4th element of the vector is the total VACF, i.e. (vx*vx0 + vy*vy0 + vz*vz0), summed and averaged over atoms in the group.
The integral of the VACF versus time is proportional to the diffusion coefficient of the diffusing atoms. This can be computed in the following manner, using the variable trap() function:
compute 2 all vacf fix 5 all vector 1 c_2 variable diff equal dt*trap(f_5) thermo_style custom step v_diff
If you want the quantities calculated by this compute to be continuous when running from a restart file, then you should use the same ID for this compute, as in the original run. This is so that the fix this compute creates to store per-atom quantities will also have the same ID, and thus be initialized correctly with time=0 atom velocities from the restart file.
This compute calculates a global vector of length 4, which can be accessed by indices 1-4 by any command that uses global vector values from a compute as input. See the Howto output doc page for an overview of LAMMPS output options.
The vector values are “intensive”. The vector values will be in velocity^2 units.