3.6. Include packages in build
In LAMMPS, a package is a group of files that enable a specific set of features. For example, force fields for molecular systems or rigid-body constraints are in packages. In the src directory, each package is a sub-directory with the package name in capital letters.
When building LAMMPS, you can choose to include or exclude each package. In general there is no need to include a package if you never plan to use its features.
If you get a run-time error that a LAMMPS command or style is “Unknown”, it is often because the command is contained in a package, and your build did not include that package. Running LAMMPS with the -h command-line switch will print all the included packages and commands for that executable.
For the majority of packages, if you follow the single step below to include it, you can then build LAMMPS exactly the same as you would without any packages installed. A few packages may require additional steps, as explained on the Build extras doc page.
These links take you to the extra instructions for those select packages:
The mechanism for including packages is simple but different for CMake versus make.
-D PKG_NAME=value # yes or no (default)
-D PKG_MANYBODY=yes -D PKG_USER-INTEL=yes
All standard and user packages are included the same way. Note that USER packages have a hyphen between USER and the rest of the package name, not an underscore.
See the shortcut section below for how to install many packages at once with CMake.
If you toggle back and forth between building with CMake vs make, no packages in the src directory can be installed when you invoke cmake. CMake will give an error if that is not the case, indicating how you can un-install all packages in the src dir.
cd lammps/src make ps # check which packages are currently installed make yes-name # install a package with name make no-name # un-install a package with name make mpi # build LAMMPS with whatever packages are now installed
make no-rigid make yes-user-intel
All standard and user packages are included the same way.
See the shortcut section below for how to install many packages at once with make.
You must always re-build LAMMPS (via make) after installing or un-installing a package, for the action to take effect.
You cannot install or un-install packages and build LAMMPS in a single make command with multiple targets, e.g. make yes-colloid mpi. This is because the make procedure creates a list of source files that will be out-of-date for the build if the package configuration changes within the same command. You can include or exclude multiple packages in a single make command, e.g. make yes-colloid no-manybody.
CMake and make info:
Any package can be included or excluded in a LAMMPS build, independent of all other packages. However, some packages include files derived from files in other packages. LAMMPS checks for this and does the right thing. Individual files are only included if their dependencies are already included. Likewise, if a package is excluded, other files dependent on that package are also excluded.
When you download a LAMMPS tarball or download LAMMPS source files from the Git or SVN repositories, no packages are pre-installed in the src directory.
Prior to Aug 2018, if you downloaded a tarball, 3 packages (KSPACE, MANYBODY, MOLECULE) were pre-installed in the src directory. That is no longer the case, so that CMake will build as-is without the need to un-install those packages.
CMake shortcuts for installing many packages:
Instead of specifying all the CMake options via the command-line, CMake allows initializing the variable cache using script files. These are regular CMake files which can manipulate and set variables, and can also contain control flow constructs.
LAMMPS includes several of these files to define configuration “presets”, similar to the options that exist for the Make based system. Using these files you can enable/disable portions of the available packages in LAMMPS. If you need a custom preset you can take one of them as a starting point and customize it to your needs.
|cmake -C ../cmake/presets/all_on.cmake [OPTIONS] ../cmake||enable all packages|
|cmake -C ../cmake/presets/all_off.cmake [OPTIONS] ../cmake||disable all packages|
|cmake -C ../cmake/presets/minimal.cmake [OPTIONS] ../cmake||enable just a few core packages|
|cmake -C ../cmake/presets/most.cmake [OPTIONS] ../cmake||enable most common packages|
|cmake -C ../cmake/presets/nolib.cmake [OPTIONS] ../cmake||disable packages that do require extra libraries or tools|
|cmake -C ../cmake/presets/clang.cmake [OPTIONS] ../cmake||change settings to use the Clang compilers by default|
|cmake -C ../cmake/presets/mingw.cmake [OPTIONS] ../cmake||enable all packages compatible with MinGW compilers|
Running cmake this way manipulates the variable cache in your current build directory. You can combine multiple presets and options in a single cmake run, or change settings incrementally by running cmake with new flags.
# build LAMMPS with most commonly used packages, but then remove # those requiring additional library or tools, but still enable # GPU package and configure it for using CUDA. You can run. mkdir build cd build cmake -C ../cmake/presets/most.cmake -C ../cmake/presets/nolib.cmake -D PKG_GPU=on -D GPU_API=cuda ../cmake # to add another package, say BODY to the previous configuration you can run: cmake -D PKG_BODY=on . # to reset the package selection from above to the default of no packages # but leaving all other settings untouched. You can run: cmake -C ../cmake/presets/no_all.cmake .
Make shortcuts for installing many packages:
The following commands are useful for managing package source files and their installation when building LAMMPS via traditional make. Just type “make” in lammps/src to see a one-line summary.
These commands install/un-install sets of packages:
|make yes-all||install all packages|
|make no-all||un-install all packages|
|make yes-standard or make yes-std||install standard packages|
|make no-standard or make no-std||un-install standard packages|
|make yes-user||install user packages|
|make no-user||un-install user packages|
|make yes-lib||install packages that require extra libraries|
|make no-lib||un-install packages that require extra libraries|
|make yes-ext||install packages that require external libraries|
|make no-ext||un-install packages that require external libraries|
which install/un-install various sets of packages. Typing “make package” will list all the these commands.
Installing or un-installing a package works by simply copying files back and forth between the main src directory and sub-directories with the package name (e.g. src/KSPACE, src/USER-ATC), so that the files are included or excluded when LAMMPS is built.
The following make commands help manage files that exist in both the src directory and in package sub-directories. You do not normally need to use these commands unless you are editing LAMMPS files or are installing a patch downloaded from the LAMMPS web site.
Type “make package-status” or “make ps” to show which packages are currently installed. For those that are installed, it will list any files that are different in the src directory and package sub-directory.
Type “make package-installed” or “make pi” to show which packages are currently installed, without listing the status of packages that are not installed.
Type “make package-update” or “make pu” to overwrite src files with files from the package sub-directories if the package is installed. It should be used after a patch has been applied, since patches only update the files in the package sub-directory, but not the src files.
Type “make package-overwrite” to overwrite files in the package sub-directories with src files.
Type “make package-diff” to list all differences between pairs of files in both the src dir and a package dir.