Reducing the effects of compressibility in DPD-based blood flow simulations through severe stenotic microchannels
C Gao and P Zhang and G Marom and YF Deng and D Bluestein, JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS, 335, 812-827 (2017).
Viscous fluid flow simulations based on dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) may bear compressible flow effects when flowing through severe stenotic geometries. This is caused by the soft repulsive potential employed in the DPD force field, which limits the particle based fluid system ability to sustain a large degree of compression. To mitigate this problem, a Morse potential was added to the DPD force field. We studied the fluid properties of the modified fluid model (DPD-Morse) and compared it with a previously published conventional DPD based fluid model. Our DPD-Morse model demonstrated reduced compressibility while preserving other fluid properties such as the fluid density and viscosity. We further investigated the fluid flow properties for a severe 3D stenotic microchannel with a 67% stenosis, using the two models. The DPD fluid model presented a significant density gradient along the flow direction, where the fluid density increased upstream towards the stenosis and decreased downstream from the stenosis before regaining its initial value. In contrast, the DPD-Morse model demonstrated a far better uniform fluid density distribution along the flow direction. We compared both solutions with CFD simulations. The DPD-Morse fluid resembled the behavior of the continuum fluid model whereas DPD fluid deviated from it. To estimate the effect that the difference between the two DPD formulations may have on the platelet activation potential, we have further embedded a platelet model within the flow field and investigated the shear stress accumulation along the platelet transport trajectory. In the stenotic section, the DPD fluid demonstrated a larger stress gradient than the DPD-Morse fluid. The platelet transport period was shorter for the DPD fluid as it generated a larger fluid density gradient that overestimated the acceleration of the platelet through the stenosis. With reduced fluid compressibility, our modified DPD-Morse fluid model was more accurate than the DPD fluid model when computing the platelet activation potential in a severe stenosis. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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