Insights on Amorphization of Lithium Aluminate from Atomistic Simulation

W Setyawan and DJ Senor and R Devanathan, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 121, 7635-7642 (2017).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b12562

We simulated amorphization of lithium aluminate by atomic displacement using molecular dynamics to understand the effect of defects on fast lithium ion transport in disordered ceramics. We analyzed the evolution of the AlO4, LiO4, and OLi2Al2 tetrahedral clusters as a function of damage dose calculated in displacements per atom (dpa). The amorphization was associated with the loss of long-range ordering in the network of AlO4 tetrahedra, even though each AlO4 cluster remained tetrahedrally coordinated. The crystalline-amorphous transition occurred gradually within a dose range from 0.1 to 0.2 dpa. The structural damage also induced chemical composition separation, resulting in (Al + O)-rich and Li-rich regions. As a result of the disorder, the Li diffusion coefficient was found to increase to the order of 10(-6) cm(2)/s.

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