Characterization of silicon surface elastic constants based on different interatomic potentials

HN Pishkenari and S Rezaei, THIN SOLID FILMS, 626, 104-109 (2017).

DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2017.02.008

Mechanical properties of materials are an important factor in designing nanoscale systems. Several researches and experiments have shown that the mechanical properties of the nano-scale materials are different from those of bulk One of the major reasons for this difference is that the ratio of surface to volume increases at the nano-scale, and the effects of free surfaces become very important. In this paper, we have measured the surface elastic constants of silicon crystalline structure using different interatomic potentials. The potentials employed here are EDIP (Environment-Dependent Interatomic Potential), Stillinger-Weber and Tersoff, and also different crystalline orientations are examined. In order to obtain surface elastic constants, we have first determined the lattice constant resulting in minimum energy-of bulk model for each potential, then we have measured the bulk and film elastic constants using respective models. It is observed that by increasing film thickness, elastic constants approach to those of bulk Next, using the results of the previous sections, the surface elastic constants are measured and discussed for different surfaces using different potentials. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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