Dual diffusion mechanism of argon confined in single-walled carbon nanotube bundles

YC Liu and JD Moore and TJ Roussel and KE Gubbins, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 12, 6632-6640 (2010).

DOI: 10.1039/b927152j

The adsorption and diffusion mechanisms of argon at 120 K were examined in a (25,0) single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) bundle using a combination of Grand Canonical Monte Carlo and microcanonical molecular dynamics simulations. Interstices between the SWCNTs provided the most energetically favorable adsorption sites and filled completely at low relative pressure, followed by adsorption in the SWCNTs. We calculated the self-diffusivities from the average mean squared displacements of argon molecules. In both flexible and rigid bundles, we observed a bimodal diffusion mechanism, with single-file diffusion occurring in the interstitial sites and Fickian diffusion in the SWCNTs. Strong system size effects were observed in our simulations. The largest system sizes showed very little influence of the nanotube flexibility on the diffusion of argon even at the lowest pressures studied.

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