Local density variation of gold nanoparticles in aquatic environments

F Hosseinzadeh and F Shirazian and R Shahsavari and AR Khoei, PHYSICA E -LOW-DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS & NANOSTRUCTURES, 84, 489-497 (2016).

DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2016.07.011

Gold (Au) nanoparticles are widely used in diagnosing cancer, imaging, and identification of therapeutic methods due to their particular quantum characteristics. This research presents different types of aqueous models and potentials used in TIP3P, to study the effect of the particle size and density of Au clusters in aquatic environments; so it can be useful to facilitate future investigation of the interaction of proteins with Au nanoparticles. The EAM potential is used to model the structure of gold clusters. It is observed that in the systems with identical gold/water density and different cluster radii, gold particles are distributed in aqueous environment almost identically. Thus, Au particles have identical local densities, and the root mean square displacement (RMSD) increases with a constant slope. However in systems with constant cluster radii and different gold/water densities, Au particle dispersion increases with density; as a result, the local density decreases and the RMSD increases with a larger slope. In such systems, the larger densities result in more blunted second peaks in gold gold radial distribution functions, owing to more intermixing of the clusters and less FCC crystalline features at longer range, a mechanism that is mediated by the competing effects of gold water and gold gold interactions. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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