An integral equation and simulation study of hydrogen inclusions in a molecular crystal of short-capped nanotubes

E Lomba and C Bores and R Notario and V Sanchez-Gil, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS- CONDENSED MATTER, 28, 344006 (2016).

DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/28/34/344006

In this work we have assessed the ability of a recently proposed three- dimensional integral equation approach to describe the explicit spatial distribution of molecular hydrogen confined in a crystal formed by short-capped nanotubes of C50H10. To that aim we have resorted to extensive molecular simulation calculations whose results have been compared with our three-dimensional integral equation approximation. We have first tested the ability of a single C50H10 nanocage for the encapsulation of H-2 by means of molecular dynamics simulations, in particular using targeted molecular dynamics to estimate the binding Gibbs energy of a host hydrogen molecule inside the nanocage. Then, we have investigated the adsorption isotherm of the nanocage crystal using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations in order to evaluate the maximum load of molecular hydrogen. For a packing close to the maximum load explicit hydrogen density maps and density profiles have been determined using molecular dynamics simulations and the three-dimensional Ornstein- Zernike equation with a hypernetted chain closure. In these conditions of extremely tight confinement the theoretical approach has shown to be able to reproduce the three-dimensional structure of the adsorbed fluid with accuracy down to the finest details.

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