Length scale and time scale effects on the plastic flow of fcc metals
MF Horstemeyer and MI Baskes and SJ Plimpton, ACTA MATERIALIA, 49, 4363-4374 (2001).
We examine size scale and strain rate effects on single-crystal face- centered cubic (fee) metals. To study yield and work hardening, we per- form simple shear molecular dynamics simulations using the embedded atom method (EAM) on single-crystal nickel ranging from 100 atoms to 100 million atoms and at strain rate., ranging from 10(7) to 10(12) s(-1). We compare our atomistic simulation results with experimental data obtained from interfacial force microscopy (IFM). nano-indentation, micro-indentation and small-scale torsion. The data are found to scale with a geometric length scale parameter defined by the ratio of volume to surface area of the samples. The atomistic simulations reveal that dislocations nucleating at free surfaces are critical to causing micro- yield and macro-yield in pristine material. The increase of flow stress at increasing strain rates results from phonon drag, and a simple model is developed to demonstrate this effect. Another important aspect of this study reveals that plasticity as reflected by the global averaged stress-strain behavior is characterized by four different length scales: (1) below 10(4) atoms, (2) between 10(4) and 10(6) atoms (2 mum), (3) between 2 mum and 300 mum, and (4) above 300 mum. (C) 2001 Acta Materialia Inc. published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
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