Amorphized graphene: A stiff material with low thermal conductivity

B Mortazavi and ZY Fan and LFC Pereira and A Harju and T Rabczuk, CARBON, 103, 318-326 (2016).

DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2016.03.007

All-carbon heterostructures have been produced recently via focused ion beam patterning of single layer graphene. Amorphized graphene is similar to a graphene sheet in which some hexagons are replaced by a combination of pentagonal, heptagonal and octagonal rings. The present investigation provides a general view regarding phonon and load transfer along amorphous graphene. The developed models for the evaluation of mechanical and thermal conductivity properties yield accurate results for pristine graphene and acquired findings for amorphized graphene films are size independent. Our atomistic results show that amorphous graphene sheets could exhibit a remarkably high elastic modulus of similar to 500 GPa and tensile strengths of similar to 50 GPa at room temperature. However, our results show that mechanical properties of amorphous graphene decline at higher temperatures. Furthermore, we show that amorphized graphene present a low thermal conductivity similar to 15 W/mK which is two orders of magnitude smaller than pristine graphene, and we verify that its thermal conductivity is almost insensitive to temperature since it is dominated by phonon-defect scattering rather than phonon-phonon scattering. Finally, our results show that amorphized graphene structures present a remarkably high elastic modulus and mechanical strength, along with a low thermal conductivity, which is an unusual combination for carbon-based materials. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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