Compaction and plasticity in nanofoams induced by shock waves: A molecular dynamics study

N Gunkelmann and Y Rosandi and CJ Ruestes and EM Bringa and HM Urbassek, COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS SCIENCE, 119, 27-32 (2016).

DOI: 10.1016/j.commatsci.2016.03.035

Shock waves are produced in Al nanofoams by a piston moving with velocity U-p. They induce plastic activity in the ligaments before eventually the foam structure is crushed and a compact material results. We demonstrate dislocation formation in the foams and correlate it with the velocity and stress profiles in the shock wave. The profiles exhibit a 3-wave structure indicating 3 wave regimes: elastic precursor, plastic activity in the ligaments, and foam crushing. The shock wave velocity V follows well macroscopic predictions, V proportional to U-p. The length of the non-collapsed part of the foam is well described by an analytical compaction model. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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