Optical Properties of Strained Wurtzite Gallium Phosphide Nanowires

J Greil and S Assali and Y Isono and A Belabbes and F Bechstedt and FOV Mackenzie and AY Silov and EPAM Bakkers and JEM Haverkort, NANO LETTERS, 16, 3703-3709 (2016).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01038

Wurtzite gallium phosphide (WZ GaP) has been predicted to exhibit a direct bandgap in the green spectral range. Optical transitions, however, ate only weakly allowed by the symmetry of the bands. While efficient luminescence has;been experimentally shown, the nature of the transitions is not yet dear. Here we apply tensile strain up to 6% and investigate the evolution of the photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of WZ GaP nanowires (NWs). The pressure and polarization dependence of the emission together with a theoretical analysis of strain effects is employed to establish the nature and symmetry of the transitions. We identify the emission lines to be related to localized states with significant admixture of Gamma(7c) symmetry and not exclusively related to the Gamma(8c) conduction band minimum (CBM). The results emphasize the importance of strongly bound state related emission in the pseudodirect semiconductor WZ GaP and contribute-significantly to the understanding of the optoelectronic properties of this novel material.

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