Structural signatures evidenced in dynamic crossover phenomena in metallic glass-forming liquids

YC Hu and FX Li and MZ Li and HY Bai and WH Wang, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 119, 205108 (2016).

DOI: 10.1063/1.4952986

Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to investigate dynamic evolution in metallic glass-forming liquids during quenching from high temperature above melting point down to supercooled region. Two crossover temperatures T-A and T-S (T-A > T-S) are identified, and their physical meanings are clarified. T-A and T-S are found to be not only the sign of dynamic crossover phenomena but also the manifestation of two key structure correlation lengths xi(s). As temperature decreases below T-A, xi(s) goes beyond the nearest-neighbor distance, resulting in the Arrhenius-to-non-Arrhenius transition of structural relaxation time and the failure of Stokes-Einstein (SE) relation. As T-S is traversed, the increase rate of xi(s) reaches the maximum, leading to the simultaneous appearance of dynamical heterogeneity and fractional SE relation. It is further found that structure correlation increases much faster than dynamic correlation, playing a role of structural precursor for dynamic evolution in liquids. Thus, a structural link is established for deeper understanding dynamic crossover phenomena. Published by AIP Publishing.

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