Molecular Dynamics Simulations of the Orientation Effect on the Initial Plastic Deformation of Magnesium Single Crystals

Q Zu and YF Guo and S Xu and XZ Tang and YS Wang, ACTA METALLURGICA SINICA-ENGLISH LETTERS, 29, 301-312 (2016).

DOI: 10.1007/s40195-015-0353-2

Molecular dynamics simulation is employed to study the tension and compression deformation behaviors of magnesium single crystals with different orientations. The angle between the loading axis and the basal < a > direction ranges from 0 degrees to 90 degrees. The simulation results show that the initial defects usually nucleate at free surfaces, but the initial plastic deformation and the subsequent microstructural evolutions are various due to different loading directions. The tension simulations exhibit the deformation mechanisms of twinning, slip, crystallographic reorientation and basal/prismatic transformation. The twinning, crystallographic reorientation and basal/prismatic transformation can only appear in the crystal model loaded along or near the a-axis or c-axis. For the compression simulations, the basal, prismatic and pyramidal slips are responsible for the initial plasticity, and no twinning is observed. Moreover, the plastic deformation models affect the yield strengths for the samples with different orientations. The maximum yield stresses for the samples loaded along the c-axis or a-axis are much higher than those loaded in other directions.

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