Effects of Uniaxial and Biaxial Strain on Few-Layered Terrace Structures of MoS2 Grown by Vapor Transport

A McCreary and R Ghosh and M Amani and J Wang and KAN Duerloo and A Sharma and K Jarvis and EJ Reed and AM Dongare and SK Banerjee and M Terrones and RR Namburu and M Dubey, ACS NANO, 10, 3186-3197 (2016).

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b04550

One of the most fascinating properties of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is its ability to be subjected to large amounts of strain without experiencing degradation. The potential of MoS2 mono- and few-layers in electronics, opto electronics, and flexible devices requires the fundamental understanding of their properties as a function of strain. While previous reports have studied mechanically exfoliated flakes, tensile strain experiments on chemical vapor deposition (CVD)-grown few- layered MoS2 have not been examined hitherto, although CVD is a state of the art synthesis technique with clear potential for scale-up processes. In this report, we used CVD-grown terrace MoS2 layers to study how the number and size of the layers affected the physical properties under uniaxial and biaxial tensile strain. Interestingly, we observed significant shifts in both the Raman in-plane mode (as high as -5.2 cm(-1)) and photoluminescence (PL) energy (as high as -88 meV) for the few-layered MoS2 under similar to 1.5% applied uniaxial tensile strain when compared to monolayers and few-layers of MoS2 studied previously. We also observed slippage between the layers which resulted in a hysteresis of the Raman and PL spectra during further applications of strain. Through DFT calculations, we contended that this random layer slippage was due to defects present in CVD-grown materials. This work demonstrates that CVD-grown few-layered MoS2 is a realistic, exciting material for tuning its properties under tensile strain.

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