Enhanced Configurational Entropy in High-Density Nanoconfined Bilayer Ice

F Corsetti and J Zubeltzu and E Artacho, PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 116, 085901 (2016).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.085901

A novel kind of crystal order in high-density nanoconfined bilayer ice is proposed from molecular dynamics and density-functional theory simulations. A first-order transition is observed between a low- temperature proton-ordered solid and a high-temperature proton- disordered solid. The latter is shown to possess crystalline order for the oxygen positions, arranged on a close-packed triangular lattice with AA stacking. Uniquely among the ice phases, the triangular bilayer is characterized by two levels of disorder (for the bonding network and for the protons) which results in a configurational entropy twice that of bulk ice.

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