Multifunctional Fe3O4@SiO2-Au Satellite Structured SERS Probe for Charge Selective Detection of Food Dyes

ZL Sun and JL Du and L Yan and S Chen and ZL Yang and CY Jing, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 8, 3056-3062 (2016).

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b10230

Nanofabrication of multifunctional surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) substrates is strongly desirable but currently remains a challenge. The motivation of this study was to design such a substrate, a versatile core satellite Fe3O4@SiO2 Au (FA) hetero-nanostructure, and demonstrate its use for charge selective detection of food dye molecules as an exemplary application. Our experimental results and three- dimensional finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulation suggest that tuning the Au nanoparticle (NP) gap to sub-10 nm, which could be readily accomplished, substantially enhanced the Ronan signals. Further layer- by-layer deposition of a charged polyelectrolyte on this magnetic SERS substrate induced active adsorption and selective detection of food dye molecules of opposite charge on the substrates. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations suggest that the selective SERS enhancement could be attributed to the high affinity and close contact (within a 20 angstrom range) between the substrate and molecules. Density function theory (DFT) calculations confirm the charge transfer from food dye molecules to Au NPs -via the polyelectrolytes. This multifunctional SERS platform provides easy separation and selective detection of charged molecules from complex chemical mixtures.

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