The multiscale coarse-graining method. XI. Accurate interactions based on the centers of charge of coarse-grained sites

Z Cao and GA Voth, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 143, 243116 (2015).

DOI: 10.1063/1.4933249

It is essential to be able to systematically construct coarse-grained (CG) models that can efficiently and accurately reproduce key properties of higher-resolution models such as all-atom. To fulfill this goal, a mapping operator is needed to transform the higher-resolution configuration to a CG configuration. Certain mapping operators, however, may lose information related to the underlying electrostatic properties. In this paper, a new mapping operator based on the centers of charge of CG sites is proposed to address this issue. Four example systems are chosen to demonstrate this concept. Within the multiscale coarse- graining framework, CG models that use this mapping operator are found to better reproduce the structural correlations of atomistic models. The present work also demonstrates the flexibility of the mapping operator and the robustness of the force matching method. For instance, important functional groups can be isolated and emphasized in the CG model. (C) 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

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