Effects of variation in chain length on ternary polymer electrolyte - Ionic liquid mixture - A molecular dynamics simulation study

SG Raju and KS Hariharan and DH Park and H Kang and SM Kolake, JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, 293, 983-992 (2015).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.06.030

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of ternary polymer electrolyte ionic liquid mixtures are conducted using an all-atom model. N-alkyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (CnMPyTFSI, n = 1, 3, 6, 9) and polyethylene oxide (PEO) are used. Microscopic structure, energetics and dynamics of ionic liquid (IL) in these ternary mixtures are studied. Properties of these four pure IL are also calculated and compared to that in ternary mixtures. Interaction between pyrrolidinium cation and TFSI is stronger and there is larger propensity of ion-pair formation in ternary mixtures. Unlike the case in imidazolium IL, near neighbor structural correlation between TFSI reduces with increase in chain length on cation in both pure IL and ternary mixtures. Using spatial density maps, regions where PEO and TFSI interact with pyrrolidinium cation are identified. Oxygens of PEO are above and below the pyrrolidinium ring and away from the bulky alkyl groups whereas TFSI is present close to nitrogen atom of CnMPy. In pure IL, diffusion coefficient (D) of C3MPy is larger than of TFSI but D of C9MPy and C6MPy are larger than that of TFSI. The reasons for alkyl chain dependent phenomena are explored. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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