Point defect evolution in Ni, NiFe and NiCr alloys from atomistic simulations and irradiation experiments

DS Aidhy and CY Lu and K Jin and HB Bei and YW Zhang and LM Wang and WJ Weber, ACTA MATERIALIA, 99, 69-76 (2015).

DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2015.08.007

Using molecular dynamics simulations, we elucidate irradiation-induced point defect evolution in fcc pure Ni, Ni0.5Fe0.5, and Ni0.8Cr0.2 solid solution alloys. We find that irradiation-induced interstitials form dislocation loops that are of 1/3 < 1 1 1 >1 1 1-type, consistent with our experimental results. While the loops are formed in all the three materials, the kinetics of formation is considerably slower in NiFe and NiCr than in pure Ni, indicating that defect migration barriers and extended defect formation energies could be higher in the alloys than pure Ni. As a result, while larger size clusters are formed in pure Ni, smaller and more clusters are observed in the alloys. Vacancy diffusion occurs at relatively higher temperatures than interstitials, and their clustering leads to the formation of stacking fault tetrahedra, consistent with our experiments. The results also show that the surviving Frenkel pairs are composition dependent and are largely Ni dominated. (C) 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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