Solvation Mechanism of Task-Specific Ionic Liquids in Water: A Combined Investigation Using Classical Molecular Dynamics and Density Functional Theory

SVJ Yuvaraj and RK Zhdanov and RV Belosludov and VR Belosludov and OS Subbotin and K Kanie and K Funaki and A Muramatsu and T Nakamura and Y Kawazoe, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 119, 12894-12904 (2015).

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.5b05945

The solvation behavior of task-specific ionic liquids (TSILs) containing a common, L-histidine derived imidazolium cation C20H28N3O3(+) and different anions, bromide-Br(-) and and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide-NTF2(-), in water is examined, computationally. These amino acid functionalized ionic liquids (ILs) are taken into account because of their ability to react with rare earth metal salts. It has been noted that the TSIL with Br(-) is more soluble than its counterpart TSIL with NTF2(-), experimentally. In this theoretical work, the combined classical molecular dynamics (CMD) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations are performed to study the behavior of the bulk phase of these two TSILs in the vicinity of water (H2O) molecules with different concentrations. Initially, all the constructed systems are equilibrated using the CMD method. The final structures of the equilibrated systems are extracted for DFT calculations. Under CMD operation, the radial distribution function (RDF) plots and viscosity of TSILs are analyzed to understand the effect of water on TSILs. In the DFT regime, binding energy per H2O, charge transfer, charge density mapping, and electronic density of states (EDOS) analyses are done. The CMD results along with the DFT results are consolidated to support the hydrophilic and hydrophobic nature of the TSILs. Interestingly, we have found a strong correlation between the viscosity and the EDOS results that leads to an understanding of the hydration properties of the TSILs.

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