Atomistic study of temperature and strain rate-dependent phase transformation behaviour of NiTi shape memory alloy under uniaxial compression

QY Yin and XQ Wu and CG Huang and X Wang and YP Wei, PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 95, 2491-2512 (2015).

DOI: 10.1080/14786435.2015.1065018

Molecular dynamics simulation was conducted to investigate the phase transformation behaviour of nickel-titanium (NiTi, 50%-50% at.%) nanopillar under uniaxial compression at loading rates varying from 3.30x10(7) to 3.30x10(9)s(-1) and at temperatures varying from 325 to 600K. The phase transformation of NiTi was observed to be sensitive to loading rates and temperatures. The phase transformation stress of B2 -> B19 increased with increasing temperature while it was insensitive to loading rate. The phase transformation stress of B19 -> B19 '-> BCO increased with increasing strain rate and decreasing temperature. In addition, reverse phase transformation was observed during compression due to the interaction between the phase transformation of B19 -> B19 '-> BCO and the deformation twinning/dislocation slide-induced plasticity of the BCO phase, leading to different residual crystal structures after loading. Moreover, a diagram for the phase transformation behaviour of NiTi in the simulated ranges of strain rate and temperature was obtained, from which the contrary experimental observations on the phase transformation behaviour of NiTi from the studies of Nemat-Nasser et al. (Mech. Mater. 37 (2005) p.287) and Liao et al. (J. Appl. Phys. 112 (2012) p.033515) at various strain rates could be well explained.

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