A comparison of interatomic potentials for modeling tungstenhydrogen- helium plasma-surface interactions

MA Cusentino and KD Hammond and F Sefta and N Juslin and BD Wirth, JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 463, 347-350 (2015).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.10.043

We compare the hydrogen and helium clustering characteristics of three interatomic potential energy models intended for simulation of plasma- facing materials for fusion applications. Our simulations compare a Finnis-Sinclair potential and two different Tersoff-style bond order potentials created by Juslin et al. (2005) and Li et al. (2011), respectively, with respect to both helium and hydrogen clustering behavior in tungsten. We find significant differences between the Juslin and Li potentials in terms of both hydrogen and helium clustering behavior as well as the spatial distribution of hydrogen below the surface. These simulations are an important test on the road to more accurate models of gas clustering and surface evolution of tungsten divertors in ITER and other plasma devices. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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