DNA Motion Capture Reveals the Mechanical Properties of DNA at the Mesoscale

AC Price and KR Pilkiewicz and TGW Graham and D Song and JD Eaves and JJ Loparo, BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 108, 2532-2540 (2015).

DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2015.04.022

Single-molecule studies probing the end-to-end extension of long DNAs have established that the mechanical properties of DNA are well described by a wormlike chain force law, a polymer model where persistence length is the only adjustable parameter. We present a DNA motion-capture technique in which DNA molecules are labeled with fluorescent quantum dots at specific sites along the DNA contour and their positions are imaged. Tracking these positions in time allows us to characterize how segments within a long DNA are extended by flow and how fluctuations within the molecule are correlated. Utilizing a linear response theory of small fluctuations, we extract elastic forces for the different, similar to 2-mu m-long segments along the DNA backbone. We find that the average force-extension behavior of the segments can be well described by a wormlike chain force law with an anomalously small persistence length.

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