Selectivity trend of gas separation through nanoporous graphene

HJ Liu and ZF Chen and S Dai and DE Jiang, JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY, 224, 2-6 (2015).

DOI: 10.1016/j.jssc.2014.01.030

By means of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we demonstrate that porous graphene can efficiently separate gases according to their molecular sizes. The flux sequence from the classical MD simulation is H-2 > CO2 >> N-2 > Ar > CH4, which generally follows the trend in the kinetic diameters. This trend is also confirmed from the fluxes based on the computed free energy barriers for gas permeation using the umbrella sampling method and kinetic theory of gases. Both brute-force MD simulations and free-energy calcualtions lead to the flux trend consistent with experiments. Case studies of two compositions of CO2/N-2 mixtures further demonstrate the separation capability of nanoporous graphene. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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