Thermodynamic properties of supercritical carbon dioxide: Widom and Frenkel lines

YD Fomin and VN Ryzhov and EN Tsiok and VV Brazhkin, PHYSICAL REVIEW E, 91, 022111 (2015).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.91.022111

Supercritical fluids are widely used in a number of important technological applications, yet the theoretical progress in the field has been rather moderate. Fairly recently, a new understanding of the liquidlike and gaslike properties of supercritical fluids has come to the fore, particularly with the advent of the Widom and Frenkel lines that aim to demarcate different physical properties on the phase diagram. Here, we report the results of a computational study of supercritical carbon dioxide, one of the most important fluids in the chemical industry. We study the response functions of CO2 in the supercritical state and calculate the locations of their maxima ( Widom lines). We also report the preliminary calculations of the Frenkel line, the line of crossover of microscopic dynamics of particles. Our insights are relevant to physical processes in the atmosphere of Venus and its evolution.

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