Molecular Dynamics Simulation on Rapid Boiling of Thin Water Films on Cone-Shaped Nanostructure Surfaces

T Fu and YJ Mao and Y Tang and YW Zhang and W Yuan, NANOSCALE AND MICROSCALE THERMOPHYSICAL ENGINEERING, 19, 17-30 (2015).

DOI: 10.1080/15567265.2014.991480

Molecular dynamics simulations (MDS) are employed to investigate the effects of the size of a nanocone on rapid boiling of an ultrathin liquid water film that is suddenly heated by a hot aluminum plate. A physically sound thermostat is applied to control the temperature of the aluminum plate and then to heat the water molecules that are placed on the solid surface. The results show that the cone nanostructures drastically enhance heat transfer from the solid aluminum plate to liquid water and the phase change process from liquid water to vapor. They also have significant effects on temperature histories and the density distributions in the system. In all cases studied, the water molecules above the solid surface rapidly boil after contact with an extremely hot aluminum plate and consequently a cluster of liquid water is observed to move upward during the phase change. It is also observed that the separation temperature associated with separation of liquid water film from the solid surface and its final temperature when the system is at equilibrium strongly depend on the height of the nanocone. Furthermore, in all cases, at a specific time after beginning of boiling, a nonvaporized water molecular layer is formed above the surface of the aluminum plate.

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