Synergy and pinning effects in a monatomic liquid film in confined conditions

WK Wu and LN Zhang and HR Ren and K Zhang and H Li and YZ He, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 17, 13380-13386 (2015).

DOI: 10.1039/c5cp00354g

The freezing behavior of a monatomic liquid film in confined conditions during rapid cooling was studied by molecular dynamics simulations. We illustrated the synergy and pinning effects of the local icosahedral order during freezing. Our results show that the icosahedron contributes to nucleation through the synergy with other short-range ordered structures and participates in crystal growth via assimilation, but the pinning effect should be overcome when crystals grow. Furthermore, a semi-ordered morphology with maze-like nano-patterns emerged due to the cooperation between the synergy effect and the pinning effect. Our findings shed light on the correlation between the local icosahedral order and the crystalline medium-range order, providing a better understanding of the rapid solidification.

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