Shock Loading of Granular Ni/Al Composites. Part 1: Mechanics of Loading
MJ Cherakara and TC Germann and EM Kober and A Strachan, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 118, 26377-26386 (2014).
We present molecular dynamics simulations of the thermomechanical response under shock loading of a granular material consisting of laminated Ni/Al grains. We observe two regimes: At low piston velocities (mu(p) less than or similar to 1km/s), the shock wave is diffuse, and the width of the shock front decreases with increasing piston velocity. Beyond a critical shock strength, however, the width remains relatively constant at approximately the mean grain radius. This change in behavior follows from an evolution of the mechanism of compaction with increasing insult strength. The mechanism evolves from plastic deformation-mediated pore collapse for relatively weak shocks, to solid extrusion and fluid ejecta filling pores ahead of the shock front at intermediate strengths, and finally to atomic jetting into the pore for very strong shocks (mu(p) less than or similar to 2 km/s). High-energy fluid ejecta into pores leads to the formation of flow vorticity and can result in a large fraction of the input energy localizing into translational kinetic energy components in addition to the formation of hot spots. This has implications for the mechanical mixing of Ni and Al in these reactive composites.
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