Structural analysis of lignin-derived carbon composite anodes

NW McNutt and O Rios and M Feygenson and TE Proffen and DJ Keffer, JOURNAL OF APPLIED CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, 47, 1577-1584 (2014).

DOI: 10.1107/S1600576714014666

The development of novel lignin-based carbon composite anodes consisting of nanocrystalline and amorphous domains motivates the understanding of the relationship of the structural properties characterizing these materials, such as crystallite size, intracrystallite d spacing, crystalline volume fraction and composite density, with their pair distribution functions (PDFs), obtained from both molecular dynamics simulation and neutron scattering. A model for these composite materials is developed as a function of experimentally measurable parameters and realized in 15 composite systems, three of which directly match all parameters of their experimental counterparts. The accurate reproduction of the experimental PDFs using the model systems validates the model. The decomposition of the simulated PDFs provides an understanding of each feature in the PDF and allows for the development of a mapping between the defining characteristics of the PDF and the material properties of interest. (C) 2014 International Union of Crystallography

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