Large Capacitance Enhancement Induced by Metal-Doping in Graphene-Based Supercapacitors: A First-Principles-Based Assessment

E Paek and AJ Pak and GS Hwang, ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, 6, 12168-12176 (2014).

DOI: 10.1021/am501395j

Chemically doped graphene-based materials have recently been explored as a means to improve the performance of supercapacitors. In this work, we investigate the effects of 3d transition metals bound to vacancy sites in graphene with BMIMPF6 ionic liquid on the interfacial capacitance; these results are compared to the pristine graphene case with particular attention to the relative contributions of the quantum and electric double layer capacitances. Our study highlights that the presence of metal-vacancy complexes significantly increases the availability of electronic states near the charge neutrality point, thereby enhancing the quantum capacitance drastically. In addition, the use of metal-doped graphene electrodes is found to only marginally influence the microstructure and capacitance of the electric double layer. Our findings indicate that metal-doping of graphene-like electrodes can be a promising route toward increasing the interfacial capacitance of electrochemical double layer capacitors, primarily by enhancing the quantum capacitance.

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