A charge optimized many-body (COMB) potential for titanium and titania
YT Cheng and TR Shan and T Liang and RK Behera and SR Phillpot and SB Sinnott, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 26, 315007 (2014).
This work proposes an empirical, variable charge potential for Ti and TiO2 systems based on the charge-optimized many-body (COMB) potential framework. The parameters of the potential function are fit to the structural and mechanical properties of the Ti hcp phase, the TiO2 rutile phase, and the energetics of polymorphs of both Ti and TiO2. The relative stabilities of TiO2 rutile surfaces are predicted and compared to the results of density functional theory (DFT) and empirical potential calculations. The transferability of the developed potential is demonstrated by determining the adsorption energy of Cu clusters of various sizes on the rutile TiO2(1 1 0) surface using molecular dynamics simulations. The results indicate that the adsorption energy is dependent on the number of Cu-Cu bonds and Cu-O bonds formed at the Cu/TiO2 interface. The adsorption energies of Cu clusters on the reduced and oxidized TiO2(1 1 0) surfaces are also investigated, and the COMB potential predicts enhanced bonding between Cu clusters and the oxidized surface, which is consistent with both experimental observations and the results of DFT calculations for other transition metals (Au and Ag) on this oxidized surface.
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