An analytical model to predict curvature effects of the carbon nanotube on the overall behavior of nanocomposites

BJ Yang and H Souri and S Kim and S Ryu and HK Lee, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 116, 033511 (2014).

DOI: 10.1063/1.4890519

In this study, analytical expressions are introduced to provide a better understanding of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) curvature on the overall behavior of nanocomposites. The curviness of CNT is modeled as the wave geometries, and the transformed physical characteristics are applied to micromechanical framework. Since five independent elastic constants of CNTs are essential to derive the waviness effect, atomistic molecular statics simulations with varying nanotube radii are conducted. Influences of CNT curviness on the effective stiffness of the nanocomposites are analyzed, noting that the curvature effect is significantly influential on the effective stiffness of the nanocomposites, and it may improve or reduce the reinforcing effect depending on the orientation of CNTs. In addition, the predictions are compared with experimental data of the CNT-reinforced nanocomposites to assess the reliability of the proposed method. The developed constitutive model is expected to be used to determine the volume concentration of the reinforcing CNTs and mechanical responses of CNT- reinforced composites under various CNT curvature, radius, and orientation conditions. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

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