First-principles study of multicontrol graphene doping using light- switching molecules
JP Trinastic and HP Cheng, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 89, 245447 (2014).
The high carrier mobility in graphene promises its utility in electronics applications. Azobenzene is a widely studied organic molecule for switchable optoelectronic devices that can be synthesized with a wide variety of ligands and deposited on graphene. Using first- principles calculations, we investigate graphene doping by physisorbed azobenzene molecules with various electron-donating and -accepting ligands. We confirm previous experimental results that demonstrate greater p doping of graphene for the trans compared to cis configuration when using a SO3 electron-accepting ligand; however, we find that NO2 ligands maximize the p-doping difference between isomers. We also examine how these doping effects change when the graphene monolayer is supported on a silica substrate. We then extend these findings by examining the doping effects of an applied electrical bias and mechanical strain to the graphene, which lead to changes in doping for both the trans and cis isomers. These results demonstrate a different type of multicontrol device combining light, electric field, and strain to change carrier concentration in graphene.
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