Coarse-Grain Model Simulations of Nonequilibrium Dynamics in Heterogeneous Materials

JK Brennan and M Lisal and JD Moore and S Izvekov and IV Schweigert and JP Larentzos, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, 5, 2144-2149 (2014).

DOI: 10.1021/jz500756s

A suite of computational tools is described for particle-based mesoscale simulations of the nonequilibrium dynamics of energetic solids, including mechanical deformation, phase transitions, and chemical reactivity triggered by shock or thermal loading. The method builds upon our recent advances both in generating coarse-grain models under high strains and in developing a variant of dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) that includes chemical reactions. To describe chemical reactivity, a coarse-grain particle equation-of-state was introduced into the constant-energy DPD variant that rigorously treats complex chemical reactions and the associated chemical energy release. As illustration of these developments, we present simulations of shock compression of an RDX crystal and its thermal decomposition under high temperatures. We also discuss our current efforts toward a highly scalable domain- decomposition implementation that extends applicability to micrometer- size simulations. With appropriate parametrization, the method is applicable to other materials whose dynamic response is driven by microstructural heterogeneities.

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