Hydrogen absorption in Pd thin-films
SR de Debiaggi and EA Crespo and FU Braschi and EM Bringa and ML Ali and M Ruda, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, 39, 8590-8595 (2014).
Hydrogen absorption isotherms for Pd thin films were modeled at atomistic scale by Monte Carlo (MC) simulation in the TP mu N ensamble and by Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations at 300 K. The interaction among atoms was modeled by embedded atom method (EAM) potentials. Simulated samples consisted of monocrystalline nanofilms with different thickness (2-8 nm) and two crystallographic surface orientations, (001) and (111). The isotherms were compared to bulk Pd and a few available experimental results. Instead of the plateau corresponding to the alpha- beta PdH equilibrium in the bulk, the isotherms at nanofilms show a two- plateaux behavior: a small one corresponding to a surface subsurface hydride formation, and a larger one for the subsequent bulk hydride formation. This is strongly correlated with the atomic stress distribution induced within the thin film. The equilibrium pressures at the isotherms depend on the thin-film thickness, with pressure being larger for thicker films. The isotherms of the (001) films display lower equilibrium pressures than those for (111) films. Copyright (C) 2014, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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