Phonon interference and thermal conductance reduction in atomic-scale metamaterials

HX Han and LG Potyomina and AA Darinskii and S Volz and YA Kosevich, PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 89, 180301 (2014).

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.180301

We introduce and model a three-dimensional (3D) atomic-scale phononic metamaterial producing two-path phonon interference antiresonances to control the heat flux spectrum. We show that a crystal plane partially embedded with defect-atom arrays can completely reflect phonons at the frequency prescribed by masses and interaction forces. We emphasize the predominant role of the second phonon path and destructive interference in the origin of the total phonon reflection and thermal conductance reduction in comparison with the Fano-resonance concept. The random defect distribution in the plane and the anharmonicity of atom bonds do not deteriorate the antiresonance. The width of the antiresonance dip can provide a measure of the coherence length of the phonon wave packet. All our conclusions are confirmed both by analytical studies of the equivalent quasi-1D lattice models and by numerical molecular dynamics simulations of realistic 3D lattices.

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