Effect of charge patterns along a solid-state nanopore on polyelectrolyte translocation

HH Katkar and M Muthukumar, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 140, 135102 (2014).

DOI: 10.1063/1.4869862

We investigate the effectiveness of charge patterns along a nanopore on translocation dynamics of a flexible polyelectrolyte. We perform a three dimensional Langevin dynamics simulation of a uniformly charged flexible polyelectrolyte translocating under uniform external electric field through a solid-state nanopore. We maintain the total charge along the pore to be constant, while varying its distribution by placing alternate charged and uncharged sections of different lengths along the pore length. Longest average translocation time is observed for a pattern corresponding to an optimum section length, with a major delay in the translocation time during the pore ejection stage. This optimum section length is independent of lengths of polyelectrolyte and pore within the range studied. A theory based on the Fokker-Planck formalism is found to successfully describe the observed trends with reasonable quantitative agreement. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

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