Transforming graphene nanoribbons into nanotubes by use of point defects

A Sgouros and MM Sigalas and K Papagelis and G Kalosakas, JOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 26, 125301 (2014).

DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/26/12/125301

Using molecular dynamics simulations with semi-empirical potentials, we demonstrate a method to fabricate carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from graphene nanoribbons (GNRs), by periodically inserting appropriate structural defects into the GNR crystal structure. We have found that various defect types initiate the bending of GNRs and eventually lead to the formation of CNTs. All kinds of carbon nanotubes (armchair, zigzag, chiral) can be produced with this method. The structural characteristics of the resulting CNTs, and the dependence on the different type and distribution of the defects, were examined. The smallest (largest) CNT obtained had a diameter of similar to 5 angstrom (similar to 39 angstrom). Proper manipulation of ribbon edges controls the chirality of the CNTs formed. Finally, the effect of randomly distributed defects on the ability of GNRs to transform into CNTs is considered.

Return to Publications page