Impact of the timestep in some molecular dynamics simulations on compression of granular systems

IG Tejada and R Jimenez, EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL E, 37, 15 (2014).

DOI: 10.1140/epje/i2014-14015-4

We conduct two-dimensional molecular dynamics simulations to study the statistical distribution of the force-moment (defined as stress multiplied by volume) of static granular packings under external isotropic compression. To that end, we generate packings by compressing initially ordered lattices using irregular, randomly generated, walls. Velocity-Verlet algorithm and linear spring-dashpot interactions are employed. With this specific method, the obtained statistical distributions of the force-moment are similar for different initial packings. However they depend on the timestep selection within a range of values. This shows that inadequate molecular dynamic simulations may provide different classes of solutions for the same physical process, and this could cause problems to validate theoretical approaches based on statistical mechanics.

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