Molecular dynamics calculation of rotational diffusion coefficient of a carbon nanotube in fluid

BY Cao and RY Dong, JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 140, 034703 (2014).

DOI: 10.1063/1.4861661

Rotational diffusion processes are correlated with nanoparticle visualization and manipulation techniques, widely used in nanocomposites, nanofluids, bioscience, and so on. However, a systematical methodology of deriving this diffusivity is still lacking. In the current work, three molecular dynamics (MD) schemes, including equilibrium (Green-Kubo formula and Einstein relation) and nonequilibrium (Einstein-Smoluchowski relation) methods, are developed to calculate the rotational diffusion coefficient, taking a single rigid carbon nanotube in fluid argon as a case. We can conclude that the three methods produce same results on the basis of plenty of data with variation of the calculation parameters (tube length, diameter, fluid temperature, density, and viscosity), indicative of the validity and accuracy of the MD simulations. However, these results have a non- negligible deviation from the theoretical predictions of Tirado et al. J. Chem. Phys. 81, 2047 (1984), which may come from several unrevealed factors of the theory. The three MD methods proposed in this paper can also be applied to other situations of calculating rotational diffusion coefficient. (C) 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.

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