Chloride Enhances Fluoride Mobility in Anion Exchange Membrane/Polycationic Systems
YLS Tse and HN Sarode and GE Lindberg and TA Witten and Y Yang and AM Herring and GA Voth, JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 118, 845-853 (2014).
We have studied anion exchange membrane/polycationic systems with different percentages of fluoride and chloride as counterions by molecular dynamics simulations. We also experimentally measured the self-diffusion constant of fluoride in a diblock copolymer that has the same hydrophilic block and found satisfactory agreement with simulations within a factor of 2. At 300 K, our simulations showed that the self- diffusion constant of fluoride increases by about 70% when fluoride content decreases from 100% to 40% (and 60% Cl), and it increases by about 140% when fluoride content decreases from 100% to 10%. Increasing % Cl also slightly decreases the attraction between fluoride and the cations. We hypothesize that the root cause of the enhancement in fluoride mobility is due to the larger size of the chloride ion, which more readily loses its water solvation shells because of a lower charge/radius squared (surface electric field). This in turn frees up more water for ion transport. We believe this effect is likely more general than just the fluoride/chloride case reported here.
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