Shear dynamics of nanoconfined ionic liquids
FF Canova and H Matsubara and M Mizukami and K Kurihara and AL Shluger, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 16, 8247-8256 (2014).
We used molecular dynamics simulations to study the structure and shear dynamics of two ionic liquids (ILs) featuring the same cation 1-butyl-3 -methyl-imidazolium or BMIM, paired with bis(trifluoromethane- sulphonyl) amide NTF2 and tetrafluoroborate BF4 anions, confined between two hydroxylated silica surfaces. The results demonstrate how the shape of IL molecules affects their layering structure at hydroxylated silica surfaces and how the layered structure of nanoconfined liquids determines their dynamical properties at the molecular level. When BMIMNTF2 is sheared, larger molecular fluctuations in the inner layers are required to stabilise the system, and the resulting dynamics is irregular. The alternating charged layers in BMIMBF4 allow the system to stabilise through smaller oscillations, and the layers appear to shear on top of each other in a laminar fashion. The simulated dynamics explains qualitatively the relative change in viscosity that the two ILs exhibit when confined, as has been observed in previous experiments.
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