Helium bubble bursting in tungsten
F Sefta and N Juslin and BD Wirth, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 114, 243518 (2013).
Molecular dynamics simulations have been used to systematically study the pressure evolution and bursting behavior of sub-surface helium bubbles and the resulting tungsten surface morphology. This study specifically investigates how bubble shape and size, temperature, tungsten surface orientation, and ligament thickness above the bubble influence bubble stability and surface evolution. The tungsten surface is roughened by a combination of adatom "islands," craters, and pinholes. The present study provides insight into the mechanisms and conditions leading to various tungsten topology changes, which we believe are the initial stages of surface evolution leading to the formation of nanoscale fuzz. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
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