Shock compression of hydrocarbon foam to 200GPa: Experiments, atomistic simulations, and mesoscale hydrodynamic modeling
S Root and TA Haill and JMD Lane and AP Thompson and GS Grest and DG Schroen and TR Mattsson, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 114, 103502 (2013).
Hydrocarbon foams are versatile materials extensively used in high energy-density physics (HEDP) experiments. However, little data exist above 100 GPa, where knowledge of the behavior is particularly important for designing, analyzing, and optimizing HEDP experiments. The complex internal structure and properties of foam call for a multi-scale modeling effort validated by experimental data. We present results from experiments, classical molecular dynamics simulations, and mesoscale hydrodynamic modeling of poly(4-methyl-1-pentene) (PMP) foams under strong shock compression. Experiments conducted using the Z-machine at Sandia National Laboratories shock compress similar to 0.300 g/cm(3) density PMP foams to 185 GPa. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations model shock compressed PMP foam and elucidate behavior of the heterogeneous foams at high pressures. The MD results show quantitative agreement with the experimental data, while providing additional information about local temperature and dissociation. Three-dimensional nm-scale hydrocode simulations of the foam show internal structure of pore collapse as well as provide detailed information on the foam state behind the shock front. Finally, the experimental and MD results are compared to continuum hydrodynamics simulations to assess a potential equation of state model for PMP foams to use in large scale hydrodynamics simulations. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.
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