Advanced techniques for constrained internal coordinate molecular dynamics

JR Wagner and GS Balaraman and MJM Niesen and AB Larsen and A Jain and N Vaidehi, JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY, 34, 904-914 (2013).

DOI: 10.1002/jcc.23200

Internal coordinate molecular dynamics (ICMD) methods provide a more natural description of a protein by using bond, angle, and torsional coordinates instead of a Cartesian coordinate representation. Freezing high-frequency bonds and angles in the ICMD model gives rise to constrained ICMD (CICMD) models. There are several theoretical aspects that need to be developed to make the CICMD method robust and widely usable. In this article, we have designed a new framework for (1) initializing velocities for nonindependent CICMD coordinates, (2) efficient computation of center of mass velocity during CICMD simulations, (3) using advanced integrators such as RungeKutta, Lobatto, and adaptive CVODE for CICMD simulations, and (4) cancelling out the flying ice cube effect that sometimes arises in NoseHoover dynamics. The Generalized NewtonEuler Inverse Mass Operator (GNEIMO) method is an implementation of a CICMD method that we have developed to study protein dynamics. GNEIMO allows for a hierarchy of coarse-grained simulation models based on the ability to rigidly constrain any group of atoms. In this article, we perform tests on the Lobatto and RungeKutta integrators to determine optimal simulation parameters. We also implement an adaptive coarse-graining tool using the GNEIMO Python interface. This tool enables the secondary structure-guided freezing and thawing of degrees of freedom in the molecule on the fly during molecular dynamics simulations and is shown to fold four proteins to their native topologies. With these advancements, we envision the use of the GNEIMO method in protein structure prediction, structure refinement, and in studying domain motion. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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