Scale-and shape-dependent transport property of nanoporous materials
S Hyun and E Koo, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 113, 074301 (2013).
A cellular material was proposed as an ideal candidate for multifunctional material achieving various optimal properties in many length scales. The superior performances on mechanical, thermal, electrical, and fluidic properties have been explored in analytic, numerical, and experimental studies. Since the cellular materials have wide range of potential applications in microscopic devices, characterization in small length scale gains more attentions recently. For this assessment, the atomistic approach as well as continuum approach becomes crucial to characterize its performance in multiscales. One of the key multifunctional features of the nanoporous microstructures would be high fluidic performance. Some studies investigated macroscopic transport properties, but less has been done to address the scale-and shape-dependent transport properties for their microscopic fluidics applications. In this study, we investigated complex flow patterns and transport properties of porous structures in microscopic scales. To address the geometry-dependent transport properties, a non-equilibrium molecular dynamics was employed in the atomistic scale. Various flow channels in the porous materials were introduced to address the size and shape effect of the flow patterns in small length scales. (C) 2013 American Institute of Physics. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4790570
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